Plywood is widely used in interior industry, these are thin sheets of wood glued together; it comes in many specifications based on the chemical treatment & glue used to bind the sheets. The specifications determine the type of use. Plywood is available from 2 mm to 38 mm thickness.
These density fibre boards are made from wood pulp and fibers, bound with wax and resin and compressed under high temperature. They are engineered wood; they are relatively cheaper than plywood and have a very smooth surface.
There are no ISI specifications for these fibre boards and there are no standard specifications on density and it differs brand to brand, it is still at the nascent stage in India
Particle board is a composite material made up of wood chips, sawmill shavings, saw dust and other wasted wood particles which are ground and bound by synthetic resin and compressed to form a sheet. It is the cheapest among plywood and MDF.
Block Board is a wood based panel, made up of core of softwood stripes glued together, these stripes are about 28mm width and they are sandwiched between two layers of veneer (normally 4mm thick) under high pressure, the veneer can be of softwood, hardwood or MDF.
The internal stripes are generally made of light weight poplar wood or spruce or pine wood. Block board comes in two grades MR (Moisture Resistant) and BWR (Boiling Water Resistant). They comply with Indian standard specifications IS: 1659: 2004.
Block boards are lighter in weight, less expensive and offer very good resistance to bending; they are used as doors/shutters if the height of the shutter is more than 8 ft. Block board is stronger than MDF & Particle board.
Since the edges are uneven, edge banding tapes are difficult to be pasted, so usually block board edges are finished with wooden beadings, and hence the edges are to be polished or painted.
Note: The stability of the block board depends on the sizes of the blocks and the gaps between the 2 consecutive blocks. Sometimes, the block board may also be having more gap in between the blocks, thus making it less durable.
MDF with membrane Finish
|ISI Standards||Specifications available under Bureau of Indian standard (BIS).||No specifications under BIS||No specifications under BIS|
|Strength||Very Strong & Nail holding strength is very high.||Nail Holding is very poor||Nail holding is very poor|
|Moisture||Boiling Water Resistant||No Moisture Resistant||No Moisture Resistant|
|Properties||Free from shrinking and warping.||Very dense and uniform||Offers good resistance to bending|
|Price||Comparatively expensive||Cheaper than plywood||Cheaper than MDF|
|Finish||Polish can be applied directly on the surface & Lamination possible||Can not be polished, available in pre laminated form||cannot be polished, available in pre laminated form|
|Mycology||Inherently more resistant to termites||Prone for termite attack||Prone for termites attack|
|Preference||Carpenters preferred choice||Least preferred by carpenters||Least preferred by carpenters|
Laminates are called as “Mica” in layman’s terms, also commonly called as decorative laminates; they are manufactured under high pressure not less than 1000 lb per sq inch.
Inner laminate are pasted in the inner parts of the cabinets and normally in 0.4 to 0.6 mm in thickness, Predominantly half white is used, as white color will act as natural pest repellent.
Outer Laminate comes in 0.8 to 1 mm thickness, in various shades and designs.
Laminates protects the plywood and also gives fantastic shades and also act as stain resistant making it easier to clean the surface.
One side Teak is shortly called as OST, for people who require a natural teak wood finish, OST is the ideal solution, OST is a 3mm thick veneer sheet with teak wood grain finish on one side, the sheet is pasted on plywood similar to laminate. The surface can be treated like teak wood and can be polished to give a glossy/matt look with natural teak wood grains.
Hinges is a type of bearing which connects two objects, typically allowing only a limited angle of rotation between them. Concealed hinges closes the shutter automatically within the limits whereas cut links type hinges require manual push to close and thus require a magnetic catcher to keep it intact..
Cut Links Hinge
Edge bands are used to cover the exposed sides of the plywood, MDF, Particle boards etc, it is also used to seal the edges which protects the wood from moisture and strengthen the bonding.
PVC Foam board also known as Closed-cell PVC Foam board, it is very light in weight (half of the weight of Solid PVC) and has a very rigid structure, They are used in making of Yatchts & Aircrafts, They can be used in place of Plywood for making cabinets. PVC Foam boards are highly resistant to water.
They are available in various sizes and can be cut easily like wood; since PVC foam board has the properties of thermoplastic it cannot be used in kitchen or high temperature areas (above 65 C). PVC foam boards are ideal for water prone areas.
Wooden finish gives the natural elegant touch, in order to maintain it, the finishing plays a vital role
They are basically three types of wooden surface finish
French Polish is a not a material, it is a wood finishing technique by applying thin coats “Shellac” (resin secreted by the female lac bug) dissolved in ethyl alcohol, Although French polish is considered beautiful, it is prone to scratches and stains easily, also not resistant to water.
The German word melamin was coined by combining the names of 2 other chemical products: Melam (a distillation derivative of ammonium thiocyanate) and Amine. Melamine is an organic compound that is often combined with formaldehyde to produce melamine resin, a synthetic polymer which is fire resistant and heat tolerant. Melamine resin is a very versatile material with a highly stable structure. Melamine can be easily molded while warm, but will set into a fixed form.
Melamine is water resistant, so the life is better than French polish
Polyurethane is a synthetic varnish used for finishing and sealing the wood, PU is harder and more resistant to abrasion than its natural counterparts. PU is available in two types
Usage of water based or oil based depends on the finish, time and grain pattern required. Have a look at the picture, the left side (Lighter) water based PU is used and right side (Darker) Oil based PU is used. The middle portion is not varnished.
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